The temporal evolution of the detected size from 60 to 70 nm, to dual peaks, to eventually only a single distribution with a peak value of 700 nm find more indicating that all the building blocks are self-assembled into the large aggregates within the experiment time frame agrees well with the SEM observation (Figure 10a). This kinetic data time scale is involved in the full assembly of anisotropic nanomaterials from
single building blocks to 2-D arrays and, eventually, 3-D micron-sized assemblies. Figure 10 SEM images of the morphological evolution in the time-dependent experiments. (a) 1 h, (b) 3 h, (c) 5 h, and (d) 7 h. (e) Size distribution of the products obtained in the time-dependent experiments was monitored by DLS with the number averaged. Copyright 2010 American Chemical Society. Reprinted with permission from .
Conclusion Dynamic light scattering is employed to monitor the hydrodynamic size and selleck inhibitor colloidal stability of the magnetic learn more nanoparticles with either spherical or anisotropic structures. This analytical method cannot be employed solely to give feedbacks on the structural information; however, by combining with other electron microscopy techniques, DLS provides statistical representative data about the hydrodynamic size of nanomaterials. In situ, real-time monitoring of MNP suspension by DLS provides useful information regarding the kinetics of the aggregation process and, at the same time, gives quantitative measurement on the size of the particle Osimertinib supplier clusters formed. In addition, DLS can be a powerful technique to probe the layer thickness of the macromolecules adsorbed onto the MNP. However, the interpretation of DLS data involves the interplay of a few parameters, such as the size, concentration, shape, polydispersity, and surface properties of the MNPs involved; hence, careful analysis
is needed to extract the right information. Acknowledgements This material is based on the work supported by Research University (RU) (grant no. 1001/PJKIMIA/811219) from Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), Exploratory Research Grants Scheme (ERGS) (grant no. 203/PJKIMIA/6730013) from the Ministry of Higher Education of Malaysia, and eScience Fund (grant no. 205/PJKIMIA/6013412) from MOSTI Malaysia. JKL and SWL are affiliated to the Membrane Science and Technology Cluster of USM. References 1. Lu AH, Salabas EL, Schüth F: Magnetic nanoparticles: synthesis, protection, functionalization, and application. Angew Chem Int Ed 2007, 46:1222–1244.CrossRef 2. Pankhurst QA, Connolly J, Jones SK, Dobson J: Applications of magnetic nanoparticles in biomedicine. J Phys D Appl Phys 2003, 36:R167.CrossRef 3. Adolphi NL, Huber DL, Bryant HC, Monson TC, Fegan DL, Lim JK, Trujillo JE, Tessier TE, Lovato DM, Butler KS, Provencio PP, Hathaway HJ, Majetich SA, Larson RS, Flynn ER: Characterization of single-core magnetite nanoparticles for magnetic imaging by SQUID relaxometry. Phys Med Biol 2010, 55:5985–6003.