2005). Older subjects were often found to be more muscle fatigue resistant than younger subjects when sustaining static contractions (Hunter et al. 2005). Next to musculoskeletal changes, cardiovascular and respiratory capacity decrease with age, even at a higher degree than the decrease in muscular capacity (De Zwart et al. 1995; Era et al. 2001; Izquierdo et al. 2001; Savinainen et al. 2004b).
Inter-individual differences in the age-related changes of physical capacity are enormous among workers, due to differences in the physical AZD3965 cell line activity level. Age-related declines in physical capacity can be slowed down by regular physical training (Rantanen et al. 1993; De Zwart et al. 1995; Ilmarinen 2001; Brach et al. 2004; Macaluso and De Vito 2004). However, high physical workload was not found to have a long-lasting training effect on the muscle SC75741 supplier strength of aging workers (Savinainen et al. 2004b; Ilmarinen 2001). In several jobs, the work demands for aging workers are at the same level as for younger workers (Lusa et al. 1994; De Zwart et al. 1995; Sluiter 2006). Owing to the decreasing working capacity, the resulting workload might change from an acceptable load into daily physical “overload”, which might result in long-term health effects with chronic musculoskeletal symptoms
as the main effect (De Zwart et al. 1997; Seitsamo and Klockars 1997). Most studies on age-related differences in muscle strength or static muscle endurance consisted of a small study population with a small age-range. Furthermore, few studies focused on a working population, Apoptosis inhibitor while the age-related decline in physical capacity has important consequences for the aging worker, because of the risk of an overload at work. In this study, we describe the age-related differences in isokinetic lifting strength and static muscle endurance of the low back, neck, and shoulder muscles in Florfenicol approximately 1,500 male and female
workers with different professions in the Netherlands. With regard to static muscle endurance, we studied the relation with age both cross-sectionally and longitudinally with a follow-up of 3 years within the same dataset. For isokinetic lifting strength, we stratified for gender. In order to account for a potential physical training effect (Rantanen et al. 1993; De Zwart et al. 1995; Ilmarinen 2001; Brach et al. 2004; Macaluso and De Vito 2004), we also stratified for (self-reported) sports participation. The objective of the present study is twofold: (1) to quantify the age-related (and gender-specific) differences in lifting strength and static muscle endurance in a working population, and (2) to investigate whether these are different for workers who participate in sports and those who do not. Methods The longitudinal study on musculoskeletal disorders, absenteeism, stress and health (SMASH) is a prospective cohort study among almost 1,800 workers from 34 different companies with a follow-up of 3 years.