“The efficacy of sequential therapy
of pazufloxacin (PZFX), which is a parenteral fluoroquinolone, followed by oral fluoroquinolones [tosufloxacin tosilate (TFLX) or levofloxacin (LVFX)] for treatment of pyelonephritis, was evaluated. Patients with pyelonephritis who had fever (a parts per thousand yen37.5 A degrees C), pyuria (a parts per thousand yen10 white blood cells/high-power field), and bacteriuria (a parts per thousand yen10(4) colony-forming units/ml) were eligible for this study. PZFX (500 mg) was given intravenously twice a day for at least 3 days. If the patients were clinically improved, TFLX (150 mg) or LVFX (100 mg) was then administered orally three times a day for at least 5 days. Patients underwent clinical 3-deazaneplanocin A research buy and microbiological evaluation at 5-9 days after final drug administration. Clinical and microbiological efficacy could be assessed in 21 of 25 cases enrolled. Both clinical and microbiological efficacy rates were 81.0 % (17/21 cases). In the effective APR-246 cell line cases, the mean administration time was 4.2 days for PZFX and 6.0 days for oral fluoroquinolones. The mean time to defervescence was 3.4 days for the effective cases. In the four treatment failure cases, three quinolone-resistant Escherichia coli and a quinolone-resistant Enterococcus
faecalis were isolated. This sequential therapy seemed to be clinically effective in the treatment of pyelonephritis; however, the prevalence of quinolone-resistant E. coli should be taken into account.”
“Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) reduces AIDS-related morbidity and mortality, however it has been associated with metabolic abnormalities.
This study estimated the prevalence of lipid abnormalities and related factors among patients on HAART. A cross-sectional study was conducted on adult patients, in central Brazil. Patients were interviewed, and blood obtained for lipids measurement. Dyslipidemia was defined as total cholesterol (TC) >= 240 mg/dL, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) >= 160 mg/dL, triglycerides (TG) > 200 and/or high-density lipoprotein (HDL) < 40 mg/dL. Multiple logistic regression analyses were performed (SPSS 13.0). One hundred and thirteen Transmembrane Transporters inhibitor patients were recruited. Mean age was 39.3 years; 68.1% were males; 50.4% were on nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI) in combination with non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI), while 42.5% were on NRTI in combination with protease inhibitors (PIs). The prevalence of dyslipidemia was 66.7%. Low HDL was the most frequent abnormality (53.5%), followed by high TG (36.1%). Patients on a PI regimen had a 5.2-fold higher risk (95% CI: 1.8-14.8) of dyslipidemia, even after adjusting for sex, age, and duration of HIV infection/AIDS. The study discloses a high prevalence rate of dyslipidemia and points out a need for intervention programs to reduce future cardiovascular events in patients, on HAART.