hirsutum and G barbadense, has been released by two research gro

hirsutum and G. barbadense, has been released by two research groups [32] and [33]. As an application, G. raimondii genome sequences have been of great advantage for assembling the tetraploid transcriptome and mining candidate genes of interest [34]. Information from the publicly available Gossypium LGK-974 concentration database will serve as a foundation for identifying gene families such as WRKY genes. The objective of the current study was to survey the WRKY genes and their phylogenetic relationship in Gossypium with a bioinformatic approach using information derived from the publicly available database from the two drafts

of the D5 genome (G. raimondii) and ESTs from NCBI (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/dbEST/), combined with sequence data confirmation via cloning of cDNAs containing complete open reading frames (ORFs) from upland cotton. We further evaluated the expression patterns of WRKY genes in various developmental stages and under various stress conditions in tetraploid cultivated cotton species. Genes and proteins annotated in G. raimondii were downloaded from http://www.phytozome.net/ and

http://cgp.genomics.org.cn/. WRKY transcription factors were identified using HMMER software version 3.0 [35] and the PFAM protein family database using the WRKY domain (PF03106) as a query [36]. Expressed sequence tag (EST) sequences for four cotton species, G. hirsutum (Gh), G. barbadense (Gb), G. arboreum (Ga), and G. raimondii (Gr), were downloaded from the GenBank EST database (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/dbEST/). WRKY protein sequences in Arabidopsis were obtained from The Arabidopsis Information Resource (TAIR: http://www.arabidopsis.org/). NADPH-cytochrome-c2 reductase Mapping Alectinib in vivo of WRKY genes was performed using MapInspect (http://www.plantbreeding.wur.nl/UK/ software_mapinspect.html). Exons and introns were predicted

by comparing the coding sequences with their genomic sequences using the online GSDS program [37]. Conserved motif prediction was performed using the MEME program [38]. The following parameters were used for analysis: maximum number of motifs, 10; minimum motif width, six; and maximum motif width, 70. Alignment of the amino acid sequences of the WRKY domain with approximately 60 amino acids was performed with ClustalX 1.83 [39]. The parameters used in the alignment were as follows: for pairwise parameters, gap opening: 10.00, gap extension: 0.10, protein weight matrix: Gonnet 250; for multiple parameters, gap opening: 10.00, gap extension: 0.20, delay divergent sequence (%): 30, DNA transition weight: 0.50, use negative matrix: OFF, protein weight matrix: Gonnet series; for protein gap parameters, residue-specific penalties: ON, hydrophilic penalties: ON, hydrophilic residues: GPSNDQEKR, gap separation distance: 0, end gap separation: ON. A maximum likelihood tree was used to construct the phylogenetic tree based on the bootstrap method (number of bootstrap replications: 1000) and the Poisson model using MEGA 5.0 software [40]. G.

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