01, P < 0.001) and switch conditions (RTs: t(20) = −2.34, P < 0.030; proportion of responses: t(20) = 13.93, P < 0.001) (see Fig. Fig.2).2). There was no difference between the two conditions. EEG data In the switch and in the stay conditions the items that were subsequently remembered versus forgotten showed a pattern similar to previous studies before
the words’ onset (Otten et al. 2006, 2010; Padovani et al. 2011). The more info potentials at frontal electrodes preceding the words that were later remembered were frontally more negative-going than those preceding words that were later forgotten (see Figs. Figs.3,3, ,4).4). Furthermore, we computed an ANOVA for repeated measures on the average potentials Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical at eight frontal electrodes (Fpz, AF1, AF2, Fz, F1, F2, F3, F4) and compared Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical remembered and forgotten words, for each condition and time window. In the time window between −2 and −1 sec, the analyses yielded in the stay condition a significant main effect of performance, that is, remembered more negative than forgotten (F(1, 20) = 5.81, P = 0.018). By contrast, in the switch condition this comparison was not significant (F(1, 20) = 0.46, P = 0.506).
In the following time window from −1 to 0 sec, this comparison yielded an opposite pattern: a significant main effect of high throughput screening performance in the switch condition Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical (F(1, 20) = 5.22, P = 0.033) and no effect in the stay condition (F(1, 20) = Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical 1.17, P = 0.293). A further ANOVA for repeated measures showed an interaction between time window and performance for the mean potentials at the eight frontal electrodes in the switch (F(1, 20) = 4.86, P = 0.039) and stay (F(1, 20) = 9.87, P = 0.005) conditions. We therefore found the previously reported scalp location and direction of the prestimulus SME in the switch and in the stay conditions, nevertheless these varied with the time window. Figure 3 Prestimulus
neural activity. R stands for remembered and F stands for forgotten words. Group-averaged event-related potential (ERP) waveforms elicited by prestimulus cues at Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical the representative frontal electrode site Fpz are depicted. Positive values are … Figure 4 Average t-maps of prestimulus SMEs for both conditions and time intervals, showing the distribution of the ERP differences across the scalp. The upper t-maps refer to the stay condition and the lower maps to the switch condition. SMEs, subsequent memory … An additional ANOVA for repeated measures Dacomitinib computed on the average activity over the eight frontal electrodes revealed an interaction (F(1, 20) = 11.56, P = 0.003) between performance (remembered and forgotten), condition (switch and stay), and time window (from −2 to −1 sec and from −1 to 0 sec). Furthermore, this analysis showed a main effect for the factor time window (F(1, 20) = 11.20, P = 0.003) and a marginal main effect of performance (F(1, 20) = 3.75, P = 0.067) and no effect of condition (F(1, 20) = 2.15, P = 0.158).