Herpes simplex virus (HSV), varicella-zoster virus (VZV), human cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), BK virus (BKV), and adenovirus (AdV) genomes were investigated in 152 different clinical specimens. The use of the SEAC did not influence the results of the different virus-specific PCRs. The SEAC results showed high reproducibility with a mean Cp value Selleckchem VX-661 of 31.08 +/- 1.44, and were not influenced by the virus-specific PCR performed or the type of clinical specimen tested. The SEAC in the DNA extracts showed high stability during storage at both +4 degrees C and -20 degrees C. These data allowed establishing a new procedure for the validation of viral PCR results.
In conclusion, the SEAC provides a reliable option for improving the diagnosis of opportunistic viral infections by laboratory-developed real-time PCR assays in quality assurance programs. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Semantic dementia (SD) is associated with a progressive, relatively selective, degeneration of semantic memory (both verbal and nonverbal facts and knowledge). Episodic memory, however, is thought to be relatively preserved. This study aimed to further assess the nonverbal, incidental,
episodic memory profile associated with SD using deferred imitation, which measures recall by the nonverbal imitation of novel action sequences after a 24-h delay. The performance of six individuals with SD was compared to that of 10 healthy age- and education-matched controls. After a baseline phase, where sets of objects were presented for find more manipulation to measure the spontaneous production of relevant action sequences, participants were shown eight novel three-step action sequences with the sets of objects. The component actions of the sequences were causally related in four of the eight series and arbitrarily related in the remaining
four, to investigate the influence of sequence structure on memory performance. All participants produced more target actions and pairs in the arbitrary sequences 24-h after demonstration compared to baseline, indicating memory for the sequences, but only the control group showed significant memory for the order of the causal sequences (pairs). Furthermore, and Unoprostone perhaps more strikingly, only the control participants showed a recall advantage for the causal relative to the arbitrary sequences, indicating that they, but not the patients, could take advantage of the semantic nature of these sequences. Together these findings suggest that individuals with SD show some nonverbal episodic memory, even after a 24-h delay, and that new anterograde memory can to some extent be established without significant support from semantic memory. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”